The 5th session of the webinar series on the subjects of “Climate Change in Agriculture”, organized by the CLICHA consortium, took place at Wednesday, 30/06/2021, through the ZOOM platform and was broadcasted through the Facebook page of the project.
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The 4th webinar on the subject of “Climate Change in Agriculture” took place on 28 April 2021 by focusing on the topics of Vegetation evolution and Agroforestry in a climate changing environment. Dr. Anastasia Pantera, Professor at the Agricultural University of Athens, elaborated the participants of how climate change with the extreme weather conditions may significantly affect the evolution and the dynamics of vegetation. Additionally, Dr. George Fotiadis, Assistant Professor at the Agricultural University of Athens presented the aspects of agroforestry and the fact that this climate smart farming system has, in the past few decades, progressively been replaced by intensive monocrops, at the expense of many environmental parameters deteriorating ecosystems’ health. Climate changing conditions will add to the pressure already imposed in the Mediterranean basin ecosystem’s sustainability.
You can watch the webinar via the link: https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=297494365217912&ref=watch_permalink
The coastal zones are the most vulnerable area to indirect and direct effects of climatic change. The indirect effects are related to the growing demography along them as well as to anthropogenic activities. Indeed, the population exodus from inside land is highly increased as consequence of hard climatic condition (high temperature level and very low rainfall) and the lake of access to water mainly in summer period. The direct effects are related to the change of climatic parameters, mainly the rainfall and the temperature, as well as to the sea level high fluctuation. It is evident that the indirect effects will result in a high pressure on groundwater resources both in terms of quantity and quality. Indeed, the urban water needs, and the crop consumptions are increased not only by the temperature increase and the rainfall decrease but also by the high demand in food and water to satisfy a population in constant increase. The direct effects are related to the scarcity of rainfall, the increase of water evaporation and of the sea level. The rainfall and water evaporation increase will reduce the groundwater recharge and increase the water irrigation requirement. The sea level increase will destroy the lands along the shoreline and will accelerate the sea water intrusion in the land; an inversion of hydraulic gradient may occur as result of the groundwater level decrease, due to the reduction of the recharge and to the increase of pumped rates.
These issues, supported by case studies and scientific research, were presented at the webinar organized by the University of Carthage – National Institute of Agronomy of Tunisia in the framework of the Climate Change in Agriculture project.
Coastal Erosion & Climate Change
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Which are the consequences of climate change in genetic biodiversity? How can local varieties and breeds help in future food production? Can the use of local plant varieties allow agricultural systems to better adapt? Could autochthonous breeds improve climate change mitigation strategies?
The speakers of the webinar “The role of rural biodiversity in climate change”, professors Bebeli Penelope and Bizelis Iosif, gave their answers to these questions on Wednesday, 27/01/21 via zoom and in live stream on facebook.com/Clicha.erasmusplus. Students and scientists participated in the online event.